[Updated: 5 January, 2020]


David Hart is an historian and a libertarian with interests in the history of the classical liberal tradition (especially the French), war and culture, libertarian class theory, and film. He has a PhD from King's College, Cambridge, a masters from Stanford University, and a BA Honours degree from Macquarie University in Sydney, Australia. He taught in the Department of History at the University of Adelaide in South Australia for 15 years before moving to the US where he desinged, built and managed the awarding website The Online Liberty of Liberty for a non-profit educational foundation. He is now an independent scholar and consultant. [Brief Bio] [A Bit More] [Current CV HTML or PDF] [Areas of Expertise and Scholarly Activity (PDF)]





"Like you I love all forms of freedom; and among these, the one that is the most universally useful to mankind, the one you enjoy at each moment of the day and in all of life’s circumstances, is the freedom to work and to trade. I know that making things one’s own is the fulcrum of society and even of human life. I know that trade is intrinsic to property and that to restrict the one is to shake the foundations of the other. I approve of your devoting yourself to the defense of this freedom whose triumph will inevitably usher in the reign of international justice and consequently the extinction of hatred, prejudices between one people and another, and the wars that come in their wake."
["Draft Preface" to Economic Harmonies (1847)]
Frédéric Bastiat (1801-1850)  


Hot off the Press! (updated Jan. 2020)


  • Jan. 2020: "Understanding Class Divisions in Society: A Classical Liberal Approach". A talk given to the Adam Smith Centre and the Stanford Society of Singapore, 20 Jan. 2020. [HTML] and [PDF]





Projects under Construction

Projects Completed & On-going

This is a list of some of the material I have edited and put online at the OLL website. On-going:


  • April 2019: Paper on "The Conflicted Western Tradition: Some Provocative Pairings of Texts about Liberty and Power" for Association of Core Texts and Courses annual conference, April 2019, Santa Fe, NM.
  • October 2018: "Plunderers, Parasites, and Plutocrats: Some Reflections on the Rise and Fall and Rise and Fall of Classical Liberal Class Analysis" at the Libertarian Scholars Confrence in NYC 20 Oct. 2018.
  • March, 2018: A new paper on "The Paris School of Liberal Political Economy, 1803-1853." which explores three generations of French economists from the publication of Say's Treatise in 1803 to the publication of the monumnetal Dictionnaire de l'économie politique (1852-53).
  • Dec. 2017: My Introduction to and Translation of Frédéric Passy's speech on "The School of Liberty" (April, 1890) which will appear next year in the Acton Institute's Journal of Markets & Morality. A draft can be found here.
  • Nov. 2016: "Charles Coquelin, Gustave de Molinari, Frédéric Bastiat and the 'Austrian Moment' in French Political Economy 1845-1855: Molinari and the Private Production of Security." Paper given at the Southern Economic Association, Nov. 2016. [HTML - PDF - MS Word]
  • Nov. 2016: Liberty Matters online discussion: David M. Hart, “Classical Liberalism and the Problem of Class” (Nov. 2016)
  • 31 March, 2016: "The Struggle against Protectionism, Socialism, and the Bureaucratic State: The Economic Thought of Gustave de Molinari, 1845-1855”. A Paper given at the Austrian Economics Research Conference (31 March to 2 April 2016), The Mises Institute, Auburn, Alabama. Full length paper (book-size) HTML and PDF. [Summary PDF and HTML]. Slides for Lecture [8 MB]
  • 21-23 November, 2015: "Entrepreneurs, Investors, and Scribblers: An Austrian Analysis of the Structure of Production and Distribution of Ideas". A paper given at the Southern Economics Association, New Orleans, November 21-23, 2015. HTML and PDF.
  • 2 Oct. 2015: "Reassessing Frédéric Bastiat as an Economic Theorist". A paper presented to the Free Market Institute, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX, October 2, 2015. HTML and PDF.
  • 14 April, 2015: "Literature IN Economics, and Economics AS Literature I: Bastiat's use of Literature in Defense of Free Markets and his Rhetoric of Economic Liberty." A paper given at the Association of Private Enterprise Education International Conference (April 12-14, 2015) , Cancún, Mexico. HTML and PDF.
  • 14 April, 2015: "Literature IN Economics, and Economics AS Literature II: The Economics of Robinson Crusoe from Defoe to Rothbard by way of Bastiat." A paper given at the Association of Private Enterprise Education International Conference (April 12-14, 2015) , Cancún, Mexico. HTML and PDF.
  • 28 March, 2015: "The Liberal Roots of American Conservatism: Bastiat and the French Connection." A paper given to the Philadelphia Society meeting March 27-29, 2015 on "The Roots of American Conservatism - and its Future". HTML and PDF.
  • March 2015: Liberty Matters online discussion: David M. Hart, “On the Spread of (Classical) Liberal Ideas” (March 2015)

[See the archive.]

  • 2017: The book I co-edited of a collection of classical texts in classical liberal and libertarian class analysis, Social Class and State Power: Exploring an Alternative Radical Tradition (Palgrave Macmillan) is now out. See <http://www.palgrave.com/us/book/9783319648934> for details.
  • 2016: A revised translation of Molinari's "Eleventh Soirée" from Les Soirées de la Rue Saint-Lazare; entretiens sur les lois économiques et defense de la propriété (1849, to be published in Panarchy: Political Theories of Non-Territorial States, ed. Aviezer Tucker, Gian Piero de Bellis (Routledge, 2016).
  • 2014: Jacques Bonhomme: L’éphémère journal de Frédéric Bastiat et Gustave de Molinari (11 juin – 13 juillet 1848). Recueil de tous les articles, augmenté d’une introduction. Ed. Benoît Malbranque (Paris: Institut Coppet, 2014). Available online at the Institut Coppet. This edition was made from the original copies and scans which can be seen here.
  • 2014: L'âge d`or du libéralisme français. Anthologie. XIXe siècle. Robert Leroux et David M. Hart. Préface de Mathieu Laine (Paris: Editions Ellipses, 2014). [facs. PDFs of 41 extracts]
  • 2012: French Liberalism in the 19th Century: An Anthology. Edited by Robert Leroux and David M. Hart (London: Routledge, 2012). [facs. PDFs of 31 extacts] - the master collection [79 extracts] in French in HTML and PDF [12 MB]
  • 2011: The Collected Works of Frédéric Bastiat in 6 vols.
    • Vol. 1: The Man and the Statesman. The Correspondence and Articles on Politics (2011) [OLL]
    • Vol. 2: "The Law," "The State," and Other Political Writings, 1843-1850 (2012) [OLL]
    • Vol. 3: Economic Sophisms and "What is Seen and What is Not Seen” (March 2017)
  • 2008: my contributions on French liberals to The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism, ed. Ronald Hamowy (Los Angeles: Sage, 2008. A Project of the Cato Institute).

[See the archive.]

Talks & Lectures



On the Classical Liberal Tradition [archive]:

[See the archive.]

Classical Liberalism

[See the archive]

Classical Liberal Class Analysis

There is a long tradition within classical liberalism of thinking about the state and the ruling elites which control it for their own benefit and at the expense of ordianry tax payers, or "class analysis" as it came to be known.

[See the archive]

The New Guillaumin Library of Classical Liberal and Radical Thought
  • I have named my online library of texts in honour of the 19th century bookseller and publisher Gilbert-Urbain Guillaumin (1801-64) whose bookshop and publishing firm was the focal point for the liberal movement in France for nearly three quarters of a century.
  • the Guillaumin Library has material on the following schools of Classical Liberal thought:
  • as well as other radical thinkers and movements:
  • there is also a large collection on French Political Economy
  • [I am currently reoganising the collection]
  • latest additions:
    • 22 Jan. 2017: Wendell Phillips, The Disunionist, Can Abolitionists vote or take Office under the United States Constitution? (Cincinnati: Sparhawk and Lytle, Printers, 1845). [Facsimile PDF] [HTML]
    • 25 Jan. 2017: Say, Jean-Baptise, Cours complet d'économie politique pratique; ouvrage destiné à mettre sous les yeux des hommes d'état, des propriétaires fonciers et les capitalistes, des savans, des agriculteurs, des manufacturiers, des négocians, et en général de tous les citoyens, l'économie des sociétés (Paris: Rapilly, 1828-9), 6 vols. vol. 1 [13.9 MB PDF] - vol. 2 [16.5 MB PDF] - vol. 3 [23.5 MB PDF] - vol. 4 [22 MB PDF] - vol. 5 [14.7 MB PDF] - vol. 6 [21 MB PDF]

[See the archive.]

French Classical Liberal Thought
  • 9 Jan. 2017: "Gilbert-Urbain Guillaumin (1801-1864) and the Guillaumin Publishing Firm." I have updated this page to include a complete list of the books and pamphlets published by the Guillaumin firm between 1837 and 1910. There are 2,359 items.
  • the collected works of Frédéric Bastiat (facs. PDF)
  • the collected works of Gustave de Molinari (facs. PDF)
  • the collected works of Comte and Dunoyer (facs. PDF)
  • a collection of articles from Comte's and Dunoyer's journal Le Censeur and Le Censeur européen
  • the complete Journal des économistes 1842-1940 (facs. PDF)
  • an anthology of 19th century French classical liberal thought (in French and English)
    • the full text version with 78 extracts (en français) [here]
    • "L'âge d'or" final selection of texts (facsimile PDFs only)
    • English language version with 31 extracts (facsimile PDFs only)
    • these online drafts resulted in 2 published anthologies: French Liberalism in the 19th Century: An Anthology. Edited by Robert Leroux and David M. Hart (London: Routledge, 2012); and L'âge d`or du libéralisme français. Anthologie. XIXe siècle. Robert Leroux et David M. Hart. Préface de Mathieu Laine (Paris: Editions Ellipses, 2014).

[See the archive on French CL and French Political Economy.]

Frédéric Bastiat (1810-1850)

[See the archive.]

Charles Comte (1782-1837) & Charles Dunoyer (1786-1862)

Charles Comte (1782-1837) and Charles Dunoyer (1786-1862) were layers and journalists in the late Napoleonic and Restoration periods who had a profound impact on the development of French classical liberal thought. My mentor Leonard Liggio wrote a never finished PhD and published an article on Dunoyer, and I wrote a PhD on both thinkers.

  • To commemorate the bicentennial of the founding of their their journals Le Censeur (1814-1815) and Le Censeur européen ((1817-1819), the motto of which was "Paix et liberté" (Peace and Liberty), I have been editing a collection of their essays
  • the full Table of Contents of Le Censeur, 7 vols. (1 July 1814 - 6 September 1815) and its sequel Le Censeur européen, 12 vols. (February 1817 - 17 April 1819). A list of articles signed by Dunoyer.
  • a revised HTML version of my book on Comte and Dunoyer's "Industrialist Theory of History.
  • Ephraim Harpaz's history of the journals [PDF 9.3 MB]


Gustave de Molinari (1819-1912)

The life of the long-lived and prolific French journalist and political economist Gustave de Molinari (1819-1912) spanned three generations of French classical liberals. He is best known for being the first anarcho-capitalist who thought the competitive free market could and should provide police and defnse services. I would also argue that he was the first person to write a one volume overview of the classical liberal/libertarian world view (along with policy recommnedations) with Les Soirées (1849). Molinari died on 28 January, 1912 which made 2012 the centennial of his death.

Art & Propaganda


[See the archive.]

Film & Fiction

[See the archive.]

War & Peace
  • To commemorate the 100th anniversary of the start of WW1 which, among other things, destroyed the liberal poltiical and economic order which had been built up in the second half of the 19th century, we have put online some volumes of the Journal des économistes from this period. One should note the multi-part series on the origins of the war written by the editor Yves Guyot between August 1914 and April 1915 [PDF 16MB]. This was expanded and published as a book which is also available in French [PDF 23MB] and English [PDF 8MB].
  • Journal dés économistes. Revue mensuelle de la science économique et de la statistique. Fondateur: Gilbert Guillaumin. Rédacteur en chef: Yves Guyot. (Paris: Librairie Félix Alcan. Maisons Félix Alcan et Guillaumin réunis, 108, Boulevard Saint-Germain):
    • 6e série. Tome XLIII. Juillet à sept. 1914 [PDF 30MB] [ToC]
    • 6e série. Tome XLIV. Oct. à déc. 1914 [PDF 23MB] [ToC]
    • 6e série. Tome XLV, Janvier à mars 1915 [PDF 27MB] [ToC]
    • 6e série. Tome XLVI. Avril à juin 1915 [PDF 41MB] [ToC]
  • A collection of books on war by Bloch, Hirst, Guyot, Wilfred Owen, Hasek, Friedrich, et al.
  • "War and Art" and "War Films"
  • A speech on ANZAC Day 25 April 2014, “How we Remember War” [PDF].
  • Lecture on "War and Peace in the Art of Pablo Picasso: "Guernica" (1937)"
  • Some clips from war films

[See the archive.]

Fun Stuff